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by shorting out electrical wiring, This species has caused fire. At a Sydney hospital the wiring has been so damaged an electric wheelchair was triggered by it to a critical and large area of the hospital.
Map: Distribution of Coptotermes acinaciformis. Source: Australian Faunal Directory. Creative Commons licence: CC BY 3.0 AU
Coptotermes acinaciformis is present at a few high-rainfall areas, except over the entire mainland and along some of the eastern shore, from Jervis
Bay in New South Wales to Cape Otway.
C. frenchi and C. lacteus are similar species. Soldiers are 4.0-5.0mm long, which is smaller than C. acinaciformis, and their head is pear shaped. They nest in the ground, in mounds or in tree trunks and attack sound timber . They are a major pest, but cause less harm than C.
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Soldiers are just 1 1-1 3 mm long, employees 10-1 1.5mm and alates around 3 5mm with 50mm wings. They've curved yellow to red brown heads and short black mandibles.
Mastotermes darwiniensis is seen as the very primitive termite species, using many cockroach-like characteristics which other termites don't have, such as laying its eggs in egg instances in bunches and with a anal lobe at the bottom of their hind wings of their alates (as shown in the picture below). .
Mastotermes darwiniensis nests are in the ground and it does not build mounds. Colonies are not large in its own locations, when food supplies are plentiful but they can have up to several million termites. This is when they are provided by action with resources of moisture and food.
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It doesn't occur in tropical rainforest areas. .
Mastotermes darwiniensis is easily the most destructive termite in Australia in regard to the products it may damage in agriculture and buildings along with the rapidity and extent of damage. Products assaulted include any type of wood structure, poles, railway sleepers, plant products including woven fibers, paper, sugar, flour, a selection of shrub species and agricultural plants, bone, leather, dung, plastic electrical cable insulation, lead piping, bitumen, concrete. .
There is a group of termite pest species That Are described below, Cryptotermes brevis, which is an introduced invasive species and can be described and a major pest in this genus:
C. cynocephalus, Indo-Malaysian drywood termite: The smallest Cryptotermes species in Australia. It forms colonies that are small and is of minor economic significance. Attacks sawn logs timber and deadwood of standing trees. Soldier body length 2.5 3.7mm, head width rarely exceeding 1mm.
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C. domesticus: Occurs in northern Australia. Forms colonies and can be a pest that is small. Has been discovered in lumber, flooring, doors, furniture in homes, packing cases, logs. Soldier body span 3.2 5-5.90mm.
C. dudleyi: Pa DIL states it isn't established on southern Australia but is frequently found infesting wooden crates on boats entering N. Australia.
C. primus: Located in southern Queensland and coastal areas of New South Wales. Types colonies and is a minor pest of link buildings. Pa DIL reports it attacks timbers in structures, like beams, sticks, floorboards, skirtings, etc.. Soldier body span 4-6.5 mm.
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The West Indian drywood termite is indigenous to South America and one of the most serious termite pests. As a termite it doesnt need moisture that is freely available to endure. It may infest small, portable pieces of timber, which makes it easy to disperse. A large number of colonies can co-exist close each other in precisely the exact same building or piece of wood, although colonies are small at up to 1000 individuals.
Heterotermes ferox mainly does damage on wood of fences poles, posts, flooring and wood decking. Sometimes although it is generally of minor economic importance damages sound timber. Colonies are small and underground but it may have several colonies near. Soldiers and workers are not competitive and slow moving when disturbed.
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Ferox occurs in Australian Capital Territory and New South Wales. ABIS reports that the species is more widespread, being located in southern Queensland, New South Wales, Victoria, South Australia and southern Western Australia, and is the most commonly encountered species of Heterotermes in southern Queensland.